In line with Goal 3 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), Trans Amadi Jaycees, in partnership with Rivers State Ministry of Health, FHI 360, MTN Nigeria and some other stakeholders, carried out a massive Tuberculosis (TB) campaign on 24th March 2016 at Rumuolumeni community.
The awareness program, which was done in line with the chapter’s health theme for the year (Unite to end TB) was put to together with the aim of reducing TB incidence rates in the state by creating awareness about TB and improved sanitary measures in the community as well as to encourage members of the community to submit themselves for TB check.
The campaign started with a rally to raise awareness and consciousness of the public towards tuberculosis disease. This culminated at the community secondary school where specialists gave talks on the cause, symptoms, and preventive measures of tuberculosis disease. The highpoint of the campaign was free screening, free TB test, and free drugs given to members of the public. The campaign was also carried out on air as radio/TV jingles were sponsored to reach a wider audience in the state.
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). Tuberculosis generally affects the lungs, but can also affect other parts of the body. Most infections do not have symptoms. Active diseases, if left untreated, kills about half of those infected. The classic symptoms of active TB are a chronic cough with blood-containing sputum, fever, night sweats, and weight loss. Infection of other organs can cause a wide range of symptoms.
Tuberculosis is spread through the air when people who have active TB in their lungs cough, spit, speak, or sneeze. People with latent TB do not spread the disease. Active infection occurs more often in people with HIV/AIDS and in those who smoke.
Prevention of TB involves screening those at high risk, early detection and treatment of cases, and vaccination with the bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccine.Those at high risk include household, workplace, and social contacts of people with active TB. Treatment requires the use of multiple antibiotics over a long period of time. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tuberculosis)
Nigeria is ranked the country with the highest incidence of TB cases in Africa.